Thu June 21, 2018 11:00 am

Quantum measurements in the negative mass reference frame

Location:MIT 26-214
Professor Eugene Polzik, Niels Bohr Institute - Copenhagen University

Quantum mechanics dictates that a continuous measurement of the position of an object imposes a random quantum back action (QBA) perturbation on its momentum. This randomness translates with time into position uncertainty, thus leading to the well known uncertainty on the measurement of motion. The same happens when a measurement of a spin oscillating in magnetic field is performed. As a consequence, and in accordance with the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the QBA puts a limitation—the so-called standard quantum limit—on the precision of sensing of position, force and fields. In this talk I will present the ideas [1] and experimental results [2] for measurement of motion of a mechanical oscillator with the precision not restricted by the QBA. This is achieved by measuring the motion in a special reference frame linked to an atomic spin system with an effective negative mass. The measurement is performed by light propagating through the atomic and mechanical oscillators. Applications to force sensing [3], clock synchronization [4] and gravitational wave detection [5] will be discussed.


[1] E.S. Polzik and K.Hammerer. Annalen der Physik. 527, No. 1–2, A15–A20 (2015); K. Hammerer et al, PRL. 102, 020501 (2009).

[2] C. Møller et al. Nature, 547, 191 (2017).

[3] X. Huang, et al. arXiv:1801.02569.

[4] E. S. Polzik and J. Ye. PRA, 93, 021404 (2016).

[5] F. Khalili and E. S. Polzik, arXiv:1710.10405. To appear in PRL.

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