News: Research Highlights

Tue January 1, 2013

Quantum Nonlinear Optics: Strongly Interacting Photons

Quantum-optics researchers have been trying to achieve strong inter­actions between individual photons for decades. These interactions constitute a fundamental tool toward the ultimate control of light fields “quantum by quantum.” They can be used to realize deterministic two-qubit optical gates for scalable quantum computing and to produce highly correlated states for high-precision measurements. Also, they...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Attractive Photons in a Quantum Nonlinear Medium

In this paper, we demonstrate for the first time a bound state of two photons. We illuminate a dense and cold atomic ensemble with weak laser light underconditions of electromagnetically induced transparency to an atomic Rydberg state. When we detune the control laser coupling the unstable intermediate state to the Rydberg level, the probe photons...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Keldysh Approach for Non-equilibrium Phase Transitions in Quantum Optics: Beyond the Dicke Model in Optical Cavities

We investigated nonequilibrium phase transitions for driven atomic ensembles interacting with a cavity mode and coupled to a Markovian dissipative bath. In the thermodynamic limit and at low frequencies, we showed that the distribution function of the photonic mode was thermal, with an effective temperature set by the atom-photon interaction strength. That behavior characterized the...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Dressed-State Resonant Coupling between Bright and Dark Spins in Diamond

A critical ingredient for quantum control of atom-like and hybrid systems is a better understanding of decoherence as well as the control of many-body quantum dynamics.
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Tue January 1, 2013

Many-body Localization with Dipoles

Systems of strongly interacting dipoles offer an attractive platform to study many-body localized phases, owing to their long coherence times and strong interactions. We explored conditions under which such localized phases persisted in the presence of power-law interactions and supplemented our analytic treatment with numerical evidence of localized states in one dimension. We proposed several...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Heisenberg-limited Atom Clocks based on Entangled Qubits

We presented a quantum-enhanced atomic clock protocol based on groups of sequentially larger Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states, which achieved the best clock stability allowed by quantum theory up to a logarithmic correction. The simultaneous interrogation of the laser phase with such a cascade of GHZ states realized an incoherent version of the phase estimation algorithm that...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Pauli Paramagnetism of an Ideal Fermi Gas

Using the two lowest hyperfine states of a non-interacting ultracold Fermi gas of 6Li as pseudospin states, we have measured the magnetic susceptibility of such a system as a demonstration of the textbook physics of Pauli paramagnetism [1]. An imbalanced spin mixture of 6Li is trapped in the harmonic confinement potential at the focus of...
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Tue January 1, 2013

All-Optical Switch and Transistor Gated by One Stored Photon

In this paper we demonstrate an all-optical switch gated by one stored photon. Using an atomic ensemble trapped inside an optical cavity, we store a photon incident transverse to the cavity in the atomic ensemble, thereby changing the state of one atom. This atom then blocks the cavity for photons incident along the cavity axis....
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