News: Research Highlights

Tue January 1, 2013

Coherence and Raman Sideband Cooling of a Single Atom in an Optical Tweezer

We investigated quantum control of a single atom in a tightly focused optical tweezer trap. We showed that inevitable spatially varying polarization gave rise to significant internal-state decoherence but that the effect could be mitigated by an appropriately chosen magnetic bias field. That enabled Raman sideband cooling of a single atom close to its three-dimensional...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Topologically Protected Quantum State Transfer in a Chiral Spin Liquid

Topology plays a central role in ensuring the robustness of a wide variety of physical phenomena. Notable examples range from the current-carrying edge states associated with the quantum Hall and the quantum spin Hall effects to topologically protected quantum memory and quantum logic operations. We proposed and analysed a topologically protected channel for the transfer...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Non-Equilibrium Fractional Quantum Hall State of Light

We investigated the quantum dynamics of systems, which involved small numbers of strongly interacting photons. Specifically, we developed an efficient method to investigate such systems when they were externally driven with a coherent field. Furthermore, we showed how to quantify the many-body quantum state of light via correlation functions. Finally, we applied that method to...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Timekeeping with Electronic Spin States in Diamond

Frequency standards based on atomic states, such as Rb or Cs vapors, or single-trapped ions, are the most precise measures of time. We proposed and analyzed a precision oscillator approach based upon spins in a solid-state system, in particular, the nitrogen-vacancy defect in single-crystal diamond. We showed that that system could have stability that approached...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Polaronic Model of Two-level Systems in Amorphous Solids

While two-level systems (TLSs) are ubiqitous in solid state systems, microscopic understanding of their nature remains an outstanding problem. Conflicting phenomenological models are used to describe TLSs in seemingly similar materials when probed with different experimental techniques. Specifically, bulk measurements in amorphous solids have been interpreted using the model of a tunneling atom or group...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Beyond Universal Long-Range van der Waals Interactions with Ultracold 6Li2 Molecules

We have found that collisional loss of ultracold 6Li2 molecules can be determined by physics beyond universal long-range van der Waals interactions [1]. Starting with a degenerate Fermi gas of 6Li produced by sympathetic cooling with bosonic 23Na, we form Li2 molecules by a magnetic field sweep around a narrow Feshbach resonance. The resulting molecules...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Coupling of NV Centers to Photonic Crystal Nanobeams in Diamond

The realization of efficient optical interfaces for solid-state atom-like systems is an important problem in quantum science with potential applications in quantum communications and quantum information processing. We described and demonstrated a technique for coupling single nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers to suspended diamond photonic crystal cavities with quality factors up to 6000. Specifically, we presented...
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Tue January 1, 2013

Nanometer-scale Thermometry in a Living Cell

Sensitive probing of temperature variations on nanometre scales is an outstanding challenge in many areas of modern science and technology. In particular, a thermometer capable of subdegree temperature resolution over a large range of temperatures as well as integration within a living system could provide a powerful new tool in many areas of biological, physical...
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Sun January 1, 2012

Initialization and readout of spin chains for quantum information transport

In these works we studied theoretically and experimentally the many-body dynamics of spin systems and analyzed conditions that would allow for their use in quantum communication.
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