Spin & Excitonic Engineering Group
Prof. Marc Baldo


  1. R. Gómez-Bombarelli, J. Aguilera-Iparraguirre, T. D. Hirzel, D. Duvenaud, D. Maclaurin, M. A. Blood-Forsythe, H. S. Chae, M. Einzinger, D.-G. Ha, T. Wu, G. Markopoulos, S. Jeon, H. Kang, H. Miyazaki, M. Numata, S. Kim, W. Huang, S. I. Hong, M. A. Baldo, R. P. Adams, and A. Aspuru-Guzik, ‘Design of efficient molecular organic light-emitting diodes by a high-throughput virtual screening and experimental approach,’ Nature Materials, accepted (2016).
  2. J. Yuen-Zhou, S. K. Saikin, T. H. Zhu, M. C. Onbasli, C. A. Ross, V. Bulovic, and M. A. Baldo, Plexciton Dirac Points And Topological Modes,’ Nature Communications. accepted, 2016.
  3. G. D. Gutierrez, G. T. Sazama, T. C. Wu, M. A. Baldo, and T. M. Swager,Red Phosphorescence from Benzo[2,1,3]thiadiazoles at Room Temperature,’ Journal of Organic Chemistry, 81, 11 (2016).
  4. Dong-Gwang Ha, Jang-Joo Kim, and Marc A. Baldo,Link Between Hopping Models and Percolation Scaling Laws for Charge Transport in Mixtures of Small Molecules,’ AIP Advances, 6, 045221 (2016).
  5. J. A. Currivan-Incorvia, S. A. Siddiqui, S. Dutta, E. Evarts, J. Zhang, D. C. Bono, C. A. Ross, and M. A. Baldo, ‘Logic circuit prototypes for three-terminal magnetic tunnel junctions with mobile domain walls,’ Nature Communications, 7, 10275 (2016).
  6. S. Dutta, S. A. Siddiqui, J. A. Currivan-Incorvia, C. A. Ross, and M. A. Baldo, Micromagnetic modeling of domain wall motion in sub-100-nm-wide wires with individual and periodic edge defects,’ AIP Advances, 5, 127206 (2015).
  7. T. C. Wu, D. N. Congreve, and M. A. Baldo, Solid state photon upconversion utilizing thermally activated delayed fluorescence molecules as triplet sensitizer,’ Applied Physics Letters, 107, 031103 (2015).
  8. M. Wu, D. N. Congreve, M. W. B. Wilson, J. Jean, N. Geva, M. Welborn, T. Van Voorhis, V. Bulović, M. G. Bawendi, and M. A. Baldo, Solid-state infrared-to-visible upconversion sensitized by colloidal nanocrystals,’ Nature Photonics, 10, 31-34 (2016).
  9. J Zhang, P Ho, JA Currivan-Incorvia, SA Siddiqui, MA Baldo, CA Ross, ‘Edge-modulated perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in [Co/Pd] n and L10-FePt thin film wires,’ Applied Physics Letters 107 (18), 182408, November 2015.
  10. E. Hontz, W. Chang, D. N. Congreve, V. Bulović, M. A. Baldo, and T. Van Voorhis, The Role of Electron–Hole Separation in Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence in Donor–Acceptor Blends,’ J. Phys. Chem. C, 119, 25591-25597 (2015).
  11. P. D. Reusswig, S. Nechayev, J. M. Scherer, G. W. Hwang, M. G. Bawendi, M. A. Baldo, and C. Rotschild, ‘A path to practical solar pumped lasers via radiative energy transfer,’ Scientific Reports, 5, 14758 (2015).
  12. P. B. Deotare, W. Chang, E. Hontz, D. N. Congreve, L. Shi, P. D. Reusswig, B. Modtland, M. E. Bahlke, C. K. Lee, A. P. Willard, V. Bulović, T. Van Voorhis, and M. A. Baldo, Nanoscale transport of charge-transfer states in organic donor-acceptor blends,’ Nature Materials, 14, 1130-1134 (2015).
  13. K. Kawasumi, T. Wu, T. Zhu, H. S. Chae, T. Van Voorhis, M. A. Baldo, and T. M. Swager, Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Materials Based on Homoconjugation Effect of Donor-Acceptor Triptycenes,’ J. Am. Chem. Soc., 137, 37 (2015).
  14. N. J. Thompson, E. Hontz, W. Chang, T. Van Voorhis, M. A. Baldo, Magnetic field dependence of singlet fission in solutions of diphenyl tetracene,’ Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 373, 20140323 (2015).
  15. J. Zhang, J. A. Currivan-Incorvia, L. Tryputen, P. Ho, M. A. Baldo, C. A. Ross, ‘Effects of edge taper on domain wall structure and current-driven Walker Breakdown in a ferromagnetic this film wire,’ IEEE Magnetics Letters, 6, 1-4 (2015).
  16. W. Chang, D. N. Congreve, E. Hontz, M. E. Bahlke, D. P. McMahon, S. Reineke, T. C. Wu, V. Bulović, T. Van Voorhis, and M. A. Baldo, Spin-dependent charge transfer state design rules in organic photovoltaics,’ Nature Communications, 6, 6415 (2015).
  17. T. C. Wu, N. J. Thompson, D. N. Congreve, E. Hontz, S. R. Yost, T. Van Voorhis, and M. A. Baldo, ‘Singlet fission efficiency in tetracene-based organic solar cells,’ Applied Physics Letters, 104, 193901 (2014).
  18. N. J. Thompson, M. W. B. Wilson, D. N. Congreve, P. R. Brown, J. M. Scherer, T. S. Bischof, M. Wu, N. Geva, M. Welborn, T.Van Voorhis, V. Bulovic, M. G. Bawendi, and M. A. Baldo, ‘Energy harvesting of non-emissive triplet excitons in tetracene by emissive PbS nanocrystals,’ Nature Materials, 13, 1039-1043 (2014).
  19. S. R. Yost, J. Lee, M. W. B. Wilson, T. Wu, D. P. McMahon, R. R. Parkhurst, N. J. Thompson, D. N. Congreve, A. Rao, K. Johnson, M. Y. Sfeir, M. G. Bawendi, T. M. Swager, R. H. Friend, M. A. Baldo, and T. Van Voorhis, A transferable model for singlet-fission kinetics,’ Nature Chemistry, 6, 492-497 (2014).
  20. G. M. Akselrod, P. B. Deotare, N. J. Thompson, J. Lee, W. A. Tisdale, M. A. Baldo, V. M. Menon, and V. Bulović, ‘Visualization of exciton transport in ordered and disordered molecular solids,’ Nature Communications, 5, 3646 (2014).
  21. Sebastian Reineke and Marc A. Baldo, ‘Room temperature triplet state spectroscopy of organic semiconductors,’  Scientific Reports, 4, 3797 (2014).
  22. Nicholas J. Thompson*, Eric Hontz*, Daniel N. Congreve, Matthias E. Bahlke, Sebastian Reineke, Troy Van Voorhis, Marc A. Baldo, ‘Nanostructured Singlet Fission Photovoltaics Subject to Triplet-Charge Annihilation,’ Advanced Materials, 26, 1366-1371 (2014).
  23. Jean Anne Currivan*, Saima Siddiqui, Sungmin Ahn, Larysa Tryputen, Geoffrey S. D. Beach, Marc A. Baldo, Caroline A. Ross, ‘Polymethyl methacrylate/hydrogen silsesquioxane bilayer resist electron beam lithography process for etching 25 nm wide magnetic wires,’ Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology, B32, 021601 (2014).
  24. Nicholas J. Thompson*, Daniel N. Congreve*, David Goldberg, Vinod M. Menon, Marc A. Baldo, Slow light enhanced singlet exciton fission solar cells with a 126% yield of electrons per photon,’ Appl. Phys. Lett., 103, 263302 (2013).
  25. Sebastian Reineke, Nico Seidler, Shane R. Yost, Ferry Prins, William A. Tisdale, Marc A. Baldo, Highly efficient, dual state emission from an organic semiconductor,’ Appl. Phys. Lett., 103, 093302 (2013).
  26. Daniel N. Congreve*, Jiye Lee*, Nicholas J. Thompson*, Eric Hontz, Shane R. Yost, Philip D. Reusswig, Matthias E. Bahlke, Sebastian Reineke, Troy Van Voorhis, Marc A. Baldo, ‘External Quantum Efficiency Above 100% in a Singlet-Exciton-Fission–Based Organic Photovoltaic Cell,’ Science, 340, 334-337 (2013).
  27. Jiye Lee , Priya Jadhav , Philip D. Reusswig , Shane R. Yost , Nicholas J. Thompson , Daniel N. Congreve , Eric Hontz , Troy Van Voorhis , and Marc A. Baldo, Singlet Exciton Fission Photovoltaics,’ Accounts of Chemical Research  (2013).
  28. Jiye Lee, Matthew J. Bruzek, Nicholas J. Thompson, Matthew Y. Sfeir, John E. Anthony, Marc A Baldo, Singlet Exciton Fission in a Hexacene Derivative,’ Advanced Materials, 25, 1445-1448 (2013).
  29. Amador Menéndez-Velázquez, Carlijn L Mulder, Nicholas J Thompson, Trisha L Andrew, Philip D Reusswig, Carmel Rotschild, Marc A Baldo, ‘Light-recycling within electronic displays using deep red and near infrared photoluminescent polarizers,’ Energy & Environmental Science, 6, 72-75 (2012).
  30. Sebastian Reineke, Marc A Baldo, ‘Recent progress in the understanding of exciton dynamics within phosphorescent OLEDs,’ Physica Status Solidi (a) (2012).
  31. P. D. Reusswig, D. N. Congreve, N. J. Thompson, and M. A. Baldo, ‘Enhanced external quantum efficiency in an organic photovoltaic cell via singlet fission exciton sensitizer,’Applied Physics Letters, 101 (2012).
  32. Priya J. Jadhav, Patrick R. Brown, Nicholas Thompson, Benjamin Wunsch, Aseema Mohanty, Shane R. Yost, Eric Hontz, Troy Van Voorhis, Moungi G. Bawendi, Vladimir Bulović and Marc A. Baldo, ‘Triplet Exciton Dissociation in Singlet Exciton Fission Photovoltaics,’ Advanced Materials, 24(46) pp. 6169-6174 (2012).
  33. Matthias E. Bahlke, Hiroshi A. Mendoza, Daniel T. Ashall, Allen S. Yin and Marc A. Baldo, ‘Dry Lithography of Large-Area, Thin-Film Organic Semiconductors Using Frozen CO2 Resists,’ Advanced Materials, 24(46) pp. 6136-6140 (2012).
  34. Currivan, J.A., Jang, Y., Mascaro, M.D., Baldo, M.A., Ross, C.A., ‘Low energy magnetic domain wall logic in short, narrow, ferromagnetic wires,’ IEEE Magnetics Letters, 3, (2011).
  35. Rotschild, C., Tomes, M., Mendoza, H., Andrew, T.L., Swager, T.M., Carmon, T., Baldo, M.A., ‘Cascaded energy transfer for efficient broad-band pumping of high-quality, micro-lasers,’ Advanced Materials, 23(27), pp. 3057-3060 (2011).
  36. Priya J. Jadhav, Aseema Mohanty, Jason Sussman, Jiye Lee, and Marc A. Baldo, ‘Singlet Exciton Fission in Nanostructured Organic Solar Cells,’ Nano Letters, 11(4), pp. 1495-1498 (2011).
  37. Orf, N.D., Shapira, O., Sorin, F., Danto, S., Baldo, M.A., Joannopoulos, J.D., Fink, Y., Fiber Draw Synthesis,’ Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , 108(12), pp. 4743-4747 (2011).
  38. T. D. Heidel, D. Hochbaum, J. M. Sussman, V. Singh, M. E. Bahlke, I. Hiromi, J. Lee and M. A. Baldo, ‘Reducing recombination losses in planar organic photovoltaic cells using multiple step charge separation,’ Journal of Applied Physics, 109(10) (2011).
  39. C. L. Mulder, P. D. Reusswig, A. M. Velázquez, H. Kim, C. Rotschild, and M. A. Baldo, Dye alignment in luminescent solar concentrators: I. Vertical alignment for improved waveguide coupling,’ Optics Express, 18 Issue S1, pp. A79-A90 (2010).
  40. C. L. Mulder, P. D. Reusswig, A. P. Beyler, H. Kim, C. Rotschild, and M. A. Baldo, ‘Dye alignment in luminescent solar concentrators: II. Horizontal alignment for energy harvesting in linear polarizers,’ Optics Express, 18 Issue S1, pp. A91-A99 (2010).
  41. Jiye Lee, Koen Vandewal, Shane R. Yost, Matthias E. Bahlke, Ludwig Goris, Marc A. Baldo, Jean V. Manca and Troy Van Voorhis ‘Charge Transfer State Versus Hot Exciton Dissociation in Polymer−Fullerene Blended Solar Cells,’ Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132 (34), pp 11878–11880 (2010).
  42. J. Lee, P. Jadhav, M. A. Baldo, High efficiency organic multilayer photodetectors based on singlet exciton fission,’ Applied Physics Letters 95 (2009).
  43. Kaveh M. Milaninia, Marc A. Baldo, Alfonso Reina, Jing Kong, All graphene electromechanical switch fabricated by chemical vapor deposition,’ Applied Physics Letters 95 (2009).
  44. Carlijn L. Mulder, Luke Theogarajan, Michael Currie, Jonathan K. Mapel, Marc A. Baldo, Michael Vaughn, Paul Willard, Barry D. Bruce, Mark W. Moss, Clifford E. McLain, John P. Morseman, ‘Luminescent Solar Concentrators Employing Phycobilisomes,’ Advanced Materials 21 (2009).
  45. M. Bora, K. Celebi, J. Zuniga, C. Watson, K.M. Milaninia , and M.A. Baldo, ‘Near field detector for integrated surface plasmon resonance biosensor applications,’ Optics Express 17(1), 329-36 (2009).
  46. K. Celebi, P. J. Jadhav, K. M. Milaninia, M. Bora, and M. A. Baldo, The density of states in thin film copper phthalocyanine measured by Kelvin probe force microscopy,’ Applied Physics Letters 93, 083308 (2008).
  47. M.J. Currie, J.K. Mapel, T.D. Heidel, S. Goffri, M.A. Baldo, ‘High-Efficiency Organic Solar Concentrators for Photovoltaics,’ Science, 321, pg. 226-228, (2008).
  48. T.D. Heidel, J.K. Mapel, K. Celebi, M. Singh, M.A. Baldo, ‘Analysis of surface plasmon polariton mediated energy transfer in organic photovoltaic devices,’ Proc. of SPIE, 6656, 66560I1-8, (2007).
  49. T.D. Heidel, J.K. Mapel, M. Singh, K. Celebi, and M.A. Baldo, ‘Surface plasmon polariton mediated energy transfer in organic photovoltaic devices,’  Applied Physics Letters, 91 , 093506 (2007).
    • Copyright 2007 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The article appeared in Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 093506 (2007) and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?apl/91/093506
  50. C.L. Mulder, K. Celebi, K. M. Milaninia and M.A. Baldo, Saturated and Efficient Blue Phosphorescent Organic Light Emitting Devices with Lambertian Angular Emission,’  Applied Physics Letters, 90, 211109 (2007).
    • Copyright 2007 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The article appeared in Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211109 (2007) and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?apl/90/211109
  51. M. Segal, M. Singh, K. Rivoire, S. Difley, T. Van Voorhis and M.A. Baldo, Extrafluorescent Electroluminescence in Organic Light Emitting Devices,’ Nature Materials, 6, 374-378 (2007).
  52. B.N. Limketkai, P. Jadhav, and M. A. Baldo, ‘Electric-field-dependent percolation model of charge-carrier mobility in amorphous organic semiconductors,’ Phys. Rev. B 75, 113203 (2007).
  53. K. Celebi, T.D. Heidel and M.A. Baldo. ‘Simplified Calculation of Dipole Energy Transport in a Multilayer Stack Using Dyadic Green’s Functions.’ Optics Express 15. 1762-1772 (2007).
  54. J.K. Mapel, K. Celebi, M. Singh, and M.A. Baldo. ‘Plasmonic excitation of organic double heterostructure solar cells.’ Applied Physics Letters 90, 121102 (2007).

    • Copyright 2007 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The article appeared in Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 121102 (2007) and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?apl/90/121102
  55. M. Bora, D. Schut and M.A. Baldo. ‘Combinatorial detection of volatile organic compounds using metal-phthalocyanine field-effect transistors,’ Analytical Chemistry, 31st March 2007. doi: 10.1021/ac061904r.
  56. J.K. Mapel and M.A. Baldo. “The Application of Photosynthetic Materials and Architectures to Solar Cells,” chapter in Nanostructured Materials for Solar Energy Conversion’, ed. T. Soga (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2006).
  57. M. Segal, M.A. Baldo, M.K. Lee, J. Shinar and Z.G. Soos. ‘The Frequency Response and Origin of the Spin-1/2 Photoluminescence-Detected Magnetic Resonance in a pi-Conjugated Polymer.’ Physical Review B. 71. 245201 (2005).
  58. M.K. Lee, M. Segal, Z.G. Soos, J. Shinar and M.A. Baldo. ‘On the Yield of Singlet Excitons in Organic Light-Emitting Devices: A Double Modulation Photoluminescence-Detected Magnetic Resonance Study,’ Physical Review Letters. 94. 137403 (2005).
  59. P. Kiley, X. Zhao, M. Vaughn, M.A. Baldo, B.D. Bruce and S. Zhang. ‘Self-assembling Peptide Detergents Stabilize Isolated Photosystem I on a Dry Surface for an Extended Time,’ PLoS Biology. 3. e230 (2005).
  60. B.N. Limketkai and M.A. Baldo. ‘Charge injection into cathode-doped amorphous organic semiconductors,’ Physical Review B. 71. 085207 (2005).
  61. M.A. baldo, M.E. Thompson, S.R. Forrest, ‘Organic Electrophophorescence,’ in Organic Electroluminescence, edited by Z. Kafafi, Taylor and Francis, pp 267-305 (2005).
  62. R. Das, P.J. Kiley, M. Segal, J. Norville, A.A. Yu, L. Wang, S. Trammell, L.E. Reddick, R. Kumar, S. Zhang, F. Stellacci, N. Lebedev, J. Schnur, B.D. Bruce and M.A. Baldo. ‘Solid State Integration of Photosynthetic Protein Molecular Complexes,’ Nano Letters. 4. 1079-1083 (2004).
  63. M.A. Baldo and M. Segal. ‘Phosphorescence as a Probe of Exciton Formation and Energy Transfer in Organic Light Emitting Diodes,’ Physica Status Solidi A. 201. 1205-1214 (2004).
  64. M. Segal and M.A. Baldo. ‘Reverse bias measurements of the photoluminescent efficiency of semiconducting organic thin films,’ Organic Electronics. 4. 191-197 (2003).
  65. M. Segal, M.A. Baldo, R.J. Holmes, S.R. Forrest and Z.G. Soos. ‘Excitonic singlet-triplet ratios in molecular and polymeric organic materials,’ Physical Review B. 68. 075211 (2003).
  66. M.A. Baldo and M. Segal. Phosphorescence as a probe of exciton formation and energy transfer,’ In Physics of Organic Semiconductors, edited by W. Brütting. Wiley VCH, pp 256-267 (2005).