Mildred Dresselhaus is an Institute Professor of Electrical Engineering and Physics at MIT. Professor Dresselhaus has served as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Treasurer of the US National Academy of Sciences, President of the American Physical Society and is currently Chair of the Governing Board of the American Institute of Physics. She is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering, as well as of the Engineering Sciences Section of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Physical Society, the IEEE, the Materials Research Society, the Society of Women Engineers, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and American Carbon Society. She has received numerous awards, including the US National Medal of Science and 23 honorary doctorates worldwide. She served as the Director of the Office of Science at the US Department of Energy in 2000–2001. She is the co-author of four books on carbon science. Her research interests are in electronic materials, particularly in nanoscience and nanotechnology, with special regard to carbon related materials, novel forms of carbon, including fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, porous carbons, activated carbons and carbon aerogels, as well as other nanostructures, such as bismuth nanowires and the use of nanostructures in low dimensional thermoelectricity. She headed a national Department of Energy Study on “Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy,” including hydrogen production, storage, and use. She recently cochaired a National Academy of Sciences Decadal Study on “Condensed Matter Materials Physics, CMMP2007”.