Bradley N. Bond and Luca Daniel
This paper presents theoretical and practical results concerning the stability of piecewise-linear (PWL) reduced models for the purposes of analog macromodeling. Results include proofs of input-output (I/O) stability for PWL approximations to certain classes of nonlinear descriptor systems, along with projection techniques that are guaranteed to preserve I/O stability in reduced-order PWL models. We also derive a new PWL formulation and introduce a new nonlinear projection, allowing us to extend our stability results to a broader class of nonlinear systems described by models containing nonlinear descriptor functions. Lastly, we present algorithms to compute efficiently the required stabilizing nonlinear left-projection matrix operators.